Posts Tagged ‘cmos sensor’
The Nikon D3300 is an entry level digital SLR camera boasting enthusiast level features. Despite having an identical resolution to the Nikon D3200 that it is replacing, the Nikon D3300 is an entirely new camera with a number of features that distinguish it from the previous model.
Nikon has removed the optical anti-aliasing filter from the Nikon D3300. An optical anti-aliasing filter is used to reduce occurences of optical aberrations, such as moiré patterning. The trade off is that an optical anti-aliasing filter reduces the sharpness in an image. The Nikon D800E was the first camera introduced in to the Nikon digital SLR lineup without an optical anti-aliasing filter, and Nikon has been progressively adding more digital SLR’s to their lineup with the same feature.
The effect of removing the optical anti-aliasing filter is that the high-resolution sensor can capture every possible detail, which puts the Nikon D3300 alongside more advanced (and more expensive) digital SLR cameras.
The Nikon D3300 now has the updated Expeed 4 image processing engine, which is Nikon’s fastest processor yet. The Nikon D3300 feels snappier than its predecessor, and takes less time processing an image. The Expeed 4 image processing engine also increases ISO to an impressive maximum of 25600. Sports and action photographers will also appreciate the increased shooting rate to 5fps.
The Nikon D3300 is smaller than the Nikon D3200 but doesn’t feel cramped, thanks to a re-designed larger grip. The new 18-55mm VR II lens that ships with the Nikon D3300 is also much more compact than its predecessor, featuring a retractable design making the lens more portable when it’s not in use. This combination makes the Nikon D3300 a much more attractive travel friendly option for the space concious photographer.
Ease Of Use
The Nikon D3300 has a suprising high quality feel to the body at this price point, thanks in no small part to the rubber coating on the grip. This also appears on the rear thumb rest at the back of the camera. This improvement advances the ergonomics, and gives you a more secure feel when holding the camera.
The on-screen user interface has been re-designed for the Nikon D3300 to give it a cleaner look. Advanced photographers will also appreciate the new “i” button on the back of the camera, allowing you to bypass the main menu and directly change key settings.
The mode dial of the Nikon D3300 allows you to select between various scene modes or advanced modes, such as shutter and aperture priority or manual exposure.
The Guide mode, first seen in the Nikon D3000, is also present. The Guide mode uses sample images and simple terminology to teach beginners which settings to use in a number of shooting situations.
The Nikon D3300 has 13 different filters that can be applied in the Effects shooting mode. This mode can be used in both still & video recording. A number of these effects can be applied to both still & video after you’ve taken them.
The Nikon D3300 can shoot video in 1080p Full HD, and can record movies at 60p/50p/30p/25p/24p. Full-time autofocus is available in movie mode. The aperture and shutter speed can be pre-set prior to starting recording, and can be adjusted whilst recording.
The Nikon D3300 produces excelent quality images at a number of ISO settings. There is virtually no noise up to ISO 800 in JPEG images. At up to ISO 3200, JPEG images are still highly usable, even for large prints. High quality images at higher ISO settings are easily obtainable in RAW. Shooting in RAW also showcases how much detail you can capture with this sensor.
The Nikon D3300 features Active D-Lighting, which increases the detail in the shadow and highlight areas of high-contrast images.
The Nikon D3300 also features Nikon’s Picture Controls, which are preset combinations of sharpening, contrast, brightness, saturation and hue. The available choices are Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait and Landscape. Additionally there are 13 different creative filters that can be applied to both still images and movies in the Effects shooting mode. These filters include Night Vision, Super Vivid, Pop, Photo Illustration, Colour Sketch, Toy Camera, Minature Effect, Selective Colour, Silhouette, High Key, Low Key & HDR Painting.
The Nikon D3300 has an Easy Panorama mode, which allows you to create a 180 degree panorama photo by simply sweeping the camera around.
At first glance the Nikon D3300 does not seem to offer much in the way of a significant improvement over the Nikon D3200, but the removal of the Optical Low Pass Filter, the speedier EXPEED 4 processor, increased ISO range 20 256,000, quicker 5fps burst shooting, 50/60p movie mode, improved battery life, and a new range of special effects do add up to make the Nikon D3300 a better camera than the D3200. The new compact kit lens is also an extremely important improvement, instantly making the Nikon D3300 a much more compact camera when not in use, a feature that the target audience will certainly appreciate.
The huge 24 megapixel sensor still offers more resolution than any competing manufacturer, and is one of the highest resolution sensors in the DX APS-C format. Improved fine detail rendition and extended ISO range have been also achieved by the removal of the optical anti-aliasing filter.
The Nikon D3300 is highly reccomended as a great camera for beginners who want more performance form an entry level SLR and are prepared to spend a little extra to get it.
To numerous photographers — novices and experts alike — digital SLRs signify quality. The fact that you can detach the lens and exchange it for an alternative is irrelevant to those who will never purchase a second optic, and it’s that particular section of the marketplace that Sony’s concentrating on with its Cyber-shot RX10. Everything about the Cyber-shot RX10 is DSLR-like — its form factor, integrated EVF, focusing performance and picture quality are all on par with numerous higher end SLRs — but its awesome 24-200mm lens is permanently affixed. By opting with this relatively rigid design, Sony’s able to produce a constant f/2.8 aperture and extremely high-quality optics in a comfortable package, at a price tag considerably under what a comparable detachable lens would command, were it to really exist to start with. The end result, quite simply, is incredible, however as the price is at the upper end of even deep-pocketed consumers’ budgets, you will want to catch our complete review prior to making any purchase.
Visually, the Cyber-shot RX10 is much like a digital SLR in virtually every way. You will find a noticable grip, a top-mounted monochrome LCD, a pop-up flash, a hot shoe (in this instance, Sony’s Multi Interface Shoe), dedicated mode and exposure-compensation dials, an XGA OLED viewfinder, a 3-inch 1.23M-dot Liquid Crystal Display that tilts upwards 84 degrees and downward 43 degrees and a reasonably large SLR-like lens up front. From the inside, however, the Cyber-shot RX10 is very similar to its compact counterparts, the RX1 and RX100 Mark II. As a matter of fact, the 10 features exactly the same 20.2-megapixel 1-inch BSI CMOS sensor as that latter model, which, although nonetheless quite large, is smaller than the APS-C and 35mm sensors in traditional DSLRs. What’s more, it contains Sony’s potent new BIONZ X processor, which is also located in the Alpha 7 and 7R, along side Sony’s freshly launched A5000.
But back again to that lens. The 24-200mm Zeiss Vario-Sonnar T* optic is unquestionably the celebrity of the show, thanks in no small part to its constant f/2.8 aperture. What makes that significant, you may well ask? The majority of zoom lenses, particularly those permanently connected to a camera, incorporate variable aperture lenses. Although some may perhaps allow you to capture at f/2.8 from the widest focal length (24mm in this instance), you simply will not discover many point-and-shoots boasting of that equivalent aperture at the tele end at the same time. Commonly, a lower-end lens allows apertures no greater than f/5.6 or even f/6.3 at 200mm, and having f/2.8 available instead, you can actually take significantly crisper photos in lower light, or images with velvety bokeh (shallow depth of field) during the daytime. You have still got f/5.6 (right up to f/16) for your use, needless to say, immediately available utilizing the dedicated ring dial round the base of the lens, in case you are after different imaging effects, alternatively.
You can still find a great deal more hardware components to discover, too. Sony’s placed loads of emphasis on connectivity with the Cyber-shot RX10. On the sound front, you can find headphone and microphone jacks, stereo microphones up top as well as being compatible with Sony’s advanced audio accessories utilizing the accessory port which is also a hot shoe — for mounting wireless receivers as well as shotgun mics. You will find an HDMI interface with clean, uncompressed output, a micro-USB interface for data transfers and charging the camera’s 1,080mAh battery (exactly the same unit included in NEX cameras as well as select current Alphas), a dual Memory Stick/SDXC flash card slot and a tripod socket at the base. The camera is rather comfortable to hold on to, and even though it is weightier than you would anticipate, it will not weigh you down whilst it dangles from the neck strap.
Sony hasn’t modified its UI a great deal since the NEX series’ creation in 2010, but just like the other RX products as well as current Alphas, the Cyber-shot RX10 incorporates a tab-based user interface that many of us significantly prefer. Settings are really simple to find along with every thing displayed in a linear format, it’s simple to hop from category to category to generate each of the modifications you require without first going back to your home screen. Capturing choices like file size, ISO and SteadyShot are displayed in the first tab; customizable key modifications and display alternatives are within the next tab, accompanied by wireless-connectivity features, then playback; and then finally general settings like sound levels and display monitor brightness can be found in the 5th tab.
Additionally, there are a great deal of dedicated controls around the camera, and so you will not absolutely need to spend much time in the main menu whatsoever. A function button off to the right of the LCD launches a quick-adjust setting, with direct access to drive mode, flash options, ISO, white balance, metering, et cetera. A display button cycles through a variety of display modes, such as a full-screen real time feed, an advanced settings panel with histogram and physical alignment indicators and an image preview screen with a thorough settings readout placed at the border. Also there is a specific video capture button, an alternative settings dial and a control ring on the back. Up top, you will find there’s backlight switch for lighting the grayscale LCD, a flash release button, a user-configurable button, an exposure-compensation dial and a zoom toggle switch around the shutter release. Additionally there is a focus-mode selector switch along the front side of the camera, right below the lens.
Incorporating WiFi, it’s also possible to control the camera utilizing a smartphone or even tablet running Sony’s PlayMemories Mobile app. After establishing a connection to the camera’s wi-fi hotspot, you’re able to only shoot in auto mode with the app — as soon as you connect, auto will override all of the existing camera settings. Photos are sent to the connected device right after capture. Although this is an excellent solution for group self-portraits as well as other tripod photos, as a result of the diminished control options, we would advocate capturing directly on the camera and then transferring pictures to the app from either the camera’s playback mode or perhaps the live gallery viewer within the application. Wi-fi connectivity helps make sharing pictures on the internet a piece of cake, nevertheless — your Instagram account will certainly benefit enormously from the Cyber-shot RX10‘s huge sensor and mighty lens.
At release, Sony’s RX100 arrived with an ambitious price tag, which was a significant sum for a point-&-shoot, especially one which did not appear a great deal different from a model one half its price to the inexperienced eye. Then again extraordinary performance — for any digital camera, actually; not only a pocket-size compact — established this the essential everyday camera of 2012. You can actually make the identical argument here. The Cyber-shot RX10 delivers that level of performance to a considerably larger, although a lot more versatile form factor. Shutter lag is just about nonexistent and also camera’s speed overall is practically flawless. Even wi-fi transfers are far more seamless than we have experienced with a lot of other digital cameras, including previous models from Sony.
The camera can power on and capture its first shot in just over 1.5 seconds. When shifting the frame between a subject 2 meters in the distance and another centimeters from the lens, the Cyber-shot RX10 managed to expose and refocus in approximately 0.25 second. Meanwhile, in the speed-priority continuous setting, we managed to capture 20 successive JPEGs at 9 fps, as opposed to the “approximately ten frames per second” which Sony estimates within the standards. When it comes to transporting pictures wirelessly, it took us 17 seconds from choosing a picture on the camera to receiving a 2-megapixel image on this smart phone, which includes the amount of time needed for this smart phone to connect with the Cyber-shot RX10‘s Wi-fi. Transfers ended up being a great deal faster when choosing pictures on this smart phone instead, because the couple were already paired. A 2-megapixel picture took roughly one second to transfer, whilst a full-resolution photo took only five seconds.
Battery life, as you would probably expect from a camera this large, is superb. The Cyber-shot RX10 utilizes the identical battery as each and every previous NEX digital camera along with the latest Alpha mirrorless cams, and that means you may perhaps already have spare NP-FW50 1,080mAh packs laying about. If you are planning to be away from an electric socket for several days, it would not hurt to take a spare. Nonetheless, we succeeded in making it through every complete day’s shooting with a great deal of juice to spare. We devoted 2 days photographing without recharging the battery pack. The capacity meter reflected a 31 % charge remaining following taking over 700 pictures as well as 5 mins of 720p video, together with a number of Wi-fi transfers as well as some on-camera picture reviews.
As if you didn’t already have enough to anticipate having with the Cyber-shot RX10… Picture quality, no real shock, is incredible. Truly, with this selling price, we would not put up with anything less. No matter whether you want to shoot in bright sunlight or a evening street scene illuminated by a solitary dim light, photos are crisp and free from noise, even at ISO 6400. Video looks phenomenal likewise, even if caught at night.
The Cyber-shot RX10‘s quick power-on and focus times make it quite easy to acquire the photo. In an exposure which includes a fast paced subject, and following a rapid adjustment on the setting dial, pictures can be clicked straight away. The exposure and color balance are precise, plus details are really sharp, regardless of whether the subject is going along very fast.
The tilt-up screen and 24-200mm lens present you with a massive amount of versatility. For street photographers, this really is a necessity.
The Cyber-shot RX10‘s aperture ring, mounted around the lens, allows you to access specific f-stops directly.
The Cyber-shot RX10 is a master of focus and exposure when you take close-up photos. Elements across the foreground are exceedingly razor-sharp, even with comparatively high ISO, while the background is properly blurred, as you would anticipate by having an f/2.8 aperture.
Video quality is every bit as remarkable. The Cyber-shot RX10 has the ability to record at resolutions as high as 1080/60p with AVCHD encoding. Exposures were spot-on universally, and also videos recorded at high sensitivities (ISO 12,800) appeared much better than predicted.
As it is with Sony’s QX10 and QX100 lens cameras, the full-frame Alpha 7 and 7R and even the RX100 Mark II and RX1, the Cyber-shot RX10 lacks competition from other brands, especially if you are looking for virtually identical specifications and performance. Which is not to state you do not possess other choices, nevertheless, if an integrated, fixed-aperture, telephoto zoom lens combined with a 1-inch sensor are the thing that you’re after, there exists ultimately not anywhere else to look. You’re able to, obviously, go for a conventional digital SLR, and of course, if you already possess an assortment of lenses (or you are intending to develop one), an interchangeable-lens camera is definitely your best option.
Canon’s 70D along with the D5300 from Nikon each offer serious still picture and video chops, and they also incorporate built in Wi-fi, as well. You will need to bring your own lens into the mix, including the body-only for the Canon along with the Nikon, in addition to the price of lenses, you are going to considerably surpass the Cyber-shot RX10‘s selling price once you have included the required optics. When it comes to superzooms, Panasonic’s Lumix FZ200 also contains a lens with a constant f/2.8 aperture, which includes a massive 25-600mm focal length, even so the 1/2.3-inch 12.1-megapixel sensor is considerably less proficient compared to what you will get using the Sony. The FZ200 is equipped with affordability on its side, though.
Ultimately, we really love the Sony Cyber-shot RX10. In reality, we battled to fill the negatives segment with anything apart from a high price tag. However your money goes an incredibly long way here, and if you need to record razor-sharp pictures and full-HD movies in just about any lighting condition, with a substantial focal range, you will be challenged to identify a more suitable shooter. This is actually the very best fixed-lens digital camera we have ever used, and we would not be astounded if the RX10 Mark II, when ever it shows up, would be the sole equivalent model worthwhile considering.
Wonderful Constant f/2.8-aperture 24-200mm lens
Phenomenal image and video quality in all lighting conditions
Excellent performance and battery life
Dedicated exposure-compensation dial
WiFi with NFC
Sony’s Cyber-shot RX10 may perhaps be expensive, but this camera’s a must-buy if you’ve got the money to invest.
Tags: 200mm lens, cmos sensor, compact digital camera, compact system, control layout, Digital Camera, digital slr, dispersion glass, DSLR, glass elements, image stabilisation, inch lcd screen, latter model, liquid crystal display, maximum aperture, optical viewfinder, quality optics, Review, rigid design, rx series, rx100, Sony, sony cyber shot, Wide angle lens
Layout and features
Developed for photographers that always desired the flexibility of an SLR camera, but have become discouraged by the dimensions and weight, the 100D has a weight of only 407 grams. Even though it looks a lot like every other Canon SLR camera from the exterior, everything is more compact — 12 % trimmer compared to the 650D.
Not a great deal has become compromised on the specifications sheet, nevertheless. The camera offers exactly the same 18-megapixel APS-C CMOS sensor as the 650D along with the 700D, which was revealed simultaneously with the 100D. It features a Digic 5 image processor chip as well as nine AF points, although just one cross-type at the centre.
Dependant upon the lens you couple the camera with, the 100D rests beautifully in the palm of your hand. The grip is compact, and bigger hands may find that they overwhelm the slim body. Rotate the camera around, and the 3-inch touchscreen display occupies the vast majority of rear panel. This also ensures that other control keys as well as dials are kept to an absolute minimum. A four-way directional pad exists, but lacks any marks to demonstrate exactly what each and every direction is utilized for. Playback, exposure compensation and an aperture button are the other principal controls.
Even though the downscaling of control keys may appear as if the 100D is merely for novice photographers, the mode dial on the top does indeed accommodate each of the same controls available on every other SLR camera in the form of full program, aperture, shutter and manual exposure modes. Newcomers additionally gain access to complete automatic, portrait, landscape, macro, sports and no flash and creative automatic modes.
As with any other SLR camera, it is able to capture JPEG as well as RAW pictures, whilst support for quicker UHS-I SD cards ensures that the buffer receives a boost to a maximum of 1140 JPEG photos when you use continuous mode. At four fps, continuous shooting isn’t a slouch, either. On the rear of the camera sits the identical 3-inch capacitive touchscreen display which was on the 650D.
The hybrid CMOS AF system is perfect for photographers who shoot mainly in Live View, or who take a large amount of video. Additionally present in the 650D, the phase-detection system swiftly grabs a focusing point, and then the camera switches in to the more conventional contrast detection to attain accurate focus. In the 100D, the hybrid system now covers 80 per cent of the sensor size, which is designed to give much better results than previous cameras.
Connectivity can be found in the form of a 3.5mm microphone port, remote port, USB as well as HDMI out — each revealed beneath the single flap at the side of the camera. As with any other Canon SLRs, image stabilisation is supplied through the lens.
The 100D now receives the capability to preview creative filter effects in Live View mode on the display screen, before you take the photo.
The 100D didn’t slow down significantly when producing a burst of JPEG photos, progressing to about 30 frames before any indication of processing time or buffering came into play.
The focusing system is agile, on level with previous digital slr cameras found in this class from Canon. There are actually, nevertheless, very small focusing points within the viewfinder, which might be challenging to pinpoint upon your desired subject. Undoubtedly that Canon is counting on many users to compose and take photos utilizing Live View along with the touchscreen display, which supports features like touch to focus for more precise handling. When you use Live View, focusing remains equally slow as on all of the other entry level Canon SLRs, therefore try not to expect any remarkable improvements there.
Just what is absent on the 100D is an inbuilt Wi-Fi option. With an increasing number of ILCs and SLRs having this particular functionality, it’s a pity that there is not a way to instantly transfer pictures or movies to a mobile device, particularly as this is a characteristic touted on various other Canon digital cameras, such as the PowerShot N and higher-end 6D.
Canon rates the battery pack at 350 photos utilising the optical viewfinder or 150 photos with Live View, which is considerably less than the other SLRs found in this range, including the 1100D, that can handle 750 shots making use of the viewfinder before a recharge is required.
Employing the same sensor as the 700D and 650D, it isn’t surprising that the 100D generates pictures that are extremely consistent to these somewhat larger cameras. On default settings, the camera produces punchy JPEGs with good colour rendition and noise control at low ISO levels.
Reaching up to higher ISO sensitivities, the 100D does a respectable job of keeping noise at bay. ISO 1600 is the highest sensitivity, where noise is very well managed even at maximum resolution — anything greater, and colour shifting begins to happen.
The 100D preserves an identical level of detail in its RAW files, just like the previous cameras mentioned. Detail is recovered best from shadow areas, whilst highlight detail is mainly recoverable except within the most extreme instances of overexposure. Utilizing automatic exposure modes, the 100D does demonstrate a slight level of overexposure when making use of evaluative metering mode.
Video quality is once more in line with what we have observed previously on the Canon series of SLRs. Colours are yet again punchy with strong, defined contrasts between shade and highlight areas using default picture styles. When used along with the kit 18-55mm STM lens, autofocus in video recording is actually noiseless and smooth.
As opposed to cameras like the 700D, for example, the 100D has only room for an integrated mono microphone. This means owners looking for the very best audio quality would want to incorporate an external microphone for stereo sound.
The Canon EOS 100D offers a gratifying experience for newer photographers or those who find themselves looking to purchase a rather compact entry in to the world of SLRs. Nevertheless, it may not be sufficiently small to attract prospective buyers away from a similarly priced mirrorless ILC with additional features.
Enjoy a level of creative freedom unimaginable with the use of interchangeable lenses. Its 16.1 Effective Megapixel Exmor™ APS HD CMOS sensor lets you record beautiful Full HD video with high-quality audio and with dramatic background defocusing effects.E-mount System for Lens InterchangeabilityProgressive recording: 50p / 25pQuad Capsule Spatial Array Microphone Records High-Quality Stereo and 5.1 Surround SoundFull Manual Control Capability for Video Recording3.0 Type Xtra Fine Touch-Panel LCD Monitor with TruBlack TechnologyIncludes SEL18200 telephoto zoom lens (with Optical SteadyShot Active Mode )